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Thai Prison Statistics


Here are the latest statistics about prisons in Thailand:

Prison Population 2013:

1 Jan: 214,833 men & 36,986 women = 251,819
1 Feb: 219,466 men & 37,857 women = 257,323

Prison Population 2012:

1 Jan: 192,054 men & 32,810 women = 224,864
1 Feb: 194,256 men & 33,494 women = 227,750
1 Mar: 196,819 men & 34,308 women = 231,127
1 Apr:  199,884 men & 34,794 women = 234,678
1 May:  197,876 men & 34,448 women = 232,324
1 Jun: 203,854 men & 35,864 women = 240,483
1 Jul: 211,035 men & 37,790 women = 245,766
1 Aug:  211,548 men & 36,715 women = 248,263
1 Sep: 200,391 men & 35,440 women = 235,831
1 Oct:  201,910 men & 36,153 women = 238,063
1 Nov: 206,602 men & 36,467 women = 243,069
1 Dec: 209,776 men & 37,919 women = 247,695

1st November 2011: Prison Population 252,044 (men 215,920 and women 35,124). The 144 prisons in Thailand only have a capacity for 105,748 prisoners based on regulations that each inmate has 2.25 square metres of space in a cell.

NUMBER OF PRISONS IN THAILAND: 144

Central Administration:
Central Prison 34
Remand Prison 4
Correctional Institution 24
House of Relegation 5
Detention House 1

Provincial Administration:
Provincial Prisons 49
District Prisons 27

NUMBER OF PEOPLE INSIDE THE PRISON SYSTEM TO DO WITH NARCOTICS

1st December
2011 (116,323), 2010 (126,413), 2009 (118,720), 2008 (102,727)
1st November
2011 (147,356), 2010 (125,368), 2009 (118,017), 2008 (102,477)
1st October 2011 146,014
1st September 2011 146,461
1st August 2011 142,519
1st July 2011 143,324
1st June 2011 141,966
1st May 2011 135,611
1 April 2011 136,673
1st March 2011 131,050
1st February 2011 130,312
1st January 2011 128,750

Death Row as of March 2011 -759 (673 male and 83 female)

REPEAT OFFENDERS (2008)

1st time in prison: 107,735 (83.43%)
2nd time in prison: 15,758 (12.2%)
3rd time in prison: 3,525 (2.73%)
4th time in prison: 1,362 (1.05%)
5th time or more in prison: 755 (12.58%)

FOREIGN NATIONALS IN THAI PRISONS

2003: 9,797
2004: 8,332 (7,094 male and 1,238 female)
2005: 9,592 (7,674 male and 1,918 female)
2006: 10,408 (8,377 male and 2.031 female)
2007: 7,258 (5,541 male and 1,717 female)
2008: 9, 372 (7,589 male and 1,783 female)
2009: 7,258 (5,541 male and 1,717 female) *

* The year 2009 is not complete

 NATIONALITY OF FOREIGN PRISONERS in 2009

Asia: 8,528 (93.81%)
Africa: 274 (3.01%)
Europe: 149 (1.64%)
USA: 47 (12.52%)
Australia: 15 (12.16%)
Minority: 55 (0.6%)
Other: 23 (12.25%)

 TOP 10 OF FOREIGN NATIONALS IN THAI PRISONS (2009)

1. Myanmar (3,787)
2. Lao (1,994)
3. Cambodia (1,445)
4. Malaysia (325)
5. China (252)
6. Singapore (115)
7. Nigeria (94)
8. Taiwan (91)
9. Vietnam (85)
10. Ghana (65)

FOREIGN PRISONERS CLASSIFIED BY TYPE OF OFFENSE (June 2009)

Offence Against Narcotics Law 5,524 (60.76%)
Immigration 1.423 (15.65%)
Offence Against Property 681 (7.49%)
Forged documents 406 (4.47%)
Offence Against Life 589 (6.48%)
Firearms 41 (12.45%)
Sex Offence 122 (1.34%)
Other 109 (1.2%)

 

 

International Centre for Prison Studies

Country THAILAND
Ministry responsible Ministry of Justice
Prison administration Department of Corrections
Contact address 222, Nonthaburi 1 Road, Suanyai, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
Telephone/fax/website tel: +66 2967 3333
fax: +66 2967 3335
Web: www.correct.go.th
 
Head of prison administration
(and title)
Suchart Wongananchai
Director General
Prison population total
(including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
257,323
at 1.2.2013 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate
(per 100,000 of national population)
367
based on an estimated national population of 70.2 million at beginning of February 2013 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners
(percentage of prison population)
26.3%
(1.2.2013)
Female prisoners
(percentage of prison population)
14.7%
(1.2.2013)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners
incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
*
(Juvenile offenders are the responsibility of the Department of Juvenile Observation and Protection and are not included in the prison population.)
Foreign prisoners
(percentage of prison population)
4.0%
(mid-2011)
Number of establishments /
institutions
142
(2009)
Official capacity of prison system 109,430
(2009)
Occupancy level (based on official
capacity)
194.7%
(2009)
Recent prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
1992 73,309 (126)
1995 111,028 (186)
1998 164,451 (267)
2001 250,903 (393)
2004 167,142 (253)
2007 168,656 (249)
2010 200,280 (290)