International Centre for Prison Studies
Country IRAQ
Ministry responsible Ministry of Justice - but detention facilities are also operated by the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (juvenile detention facilities) and the Kurdish Regional Government
Prison administration Iraqi Correctional Service (Ministry of Justice)
Head of prison administration
(and title)
Juma'a Hussein Zamil
Director General
Prison population total
(including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
at 30.6.2012 (United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq - UNAMI)
Prison population rate
(per 100,000 of national population)
based on an estimated national population of 33.7 million at mid-2012 (United Nations)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners
(percentage of prison population)
Female prisoners
(percentage of prison population)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners
incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
(30.6.2012 - juveniles)
Number of establishments /
The ICS (Ministry of Justice) operated 9 prisons and 7 pre-trial detention facilities at the end of 2007, and the Kurdish regional authorities operated 7. The Ministry of Defence operated 17 holding areas or detention facilities in Baghdad and at least another 13 nationwide for detainees captured during military raids and operations. The number of Ministry of the Interior facilities at the end of 2007 was unknown but, including police station holding facilities, official Ministry of the Interior detention locations were estimated to number over 1,000 facilities. Additionally, there were reports of unofficial detention centres throughout the country (US State Department Human Rights Report).
Official capacity of prison system 14,698
(2005 - capacity of Iraqi Correctional Service facilities)
Occupancy level (based on official
(2005 - occupancy of Iraqi Correctional Service facilities)
Recent prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2004 c.15,000 (c.60)
2007 26,472 (86)
2010 39,130 (122)